Latin name: Cyprinus carpio
size: 30 - 120cm
mass: 5 - 25kg
Older: 10 - 40 years
Appearance: brown, gray or greenish scales (depending on the species)
Sexual dimorphism: No
Nutrition type: mainly insectivores (insektivor)
food: Insects, snails, worms
distribution: Europe, Western Asia
original origin: Europe
Sleep-wake rhythm: diurnal
habitat: Rivers and freshwater lakes
natural enemies: Predatory fish, herons, cormorants
sexual maturity: about the age of three or four
mating season: March - June
oviposition: up to 1.5 million eggs
social behavior: Swarm animal
Threatened with extinction: Yes
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.
Interesting about the carp
- The carp or Cyprinus carpio describes a food fish that has been popular for millennia.
- Originally from Europe, today it is native to many countries around the world, where it is sometimes considered a pest that is dangerous to the ecosystem.
- The carp populate the tributaries of the Black and Caspian Sea and the Aral Sea as well as lakes and large ponds as well as slow-flowing and warmer waters throughout Central Europe.
- Carp are over a meter long and can bring a weight of up to 25 kilograms on the scales.
- The body of the carp is of elongated form with a conical head.
- In addition to the small eyes, the carp has the characteristic thick, evasive lips.
- The thick skin is well protected from injury by large scales. Since it is mainly on the ground, the carp is well camouflaged by the dark gray-brown colored back in the mud. On the lower sides and on the belly, the scales appear in a yellowish tone.
- In the mud of the soil the carp as omnivore finds its food, which consists of insect larvae, worms, snails and plant parts. He is no predator and does not capture other fish or larger animals such as amphibians.
- Therefore, there are no teeth in the mouth itself. The plant parts, however, the carp can be ground with pharyngeal teeth, which are located behind the gill arches.
- In the winter, when the temperature of the water is high, carps are kept at the bottom of the lakes, ponds and rivers. There, they crowd close to their conspecifics and fall into a cold star.
- During this time, all body functions are running low. This allows the carp to survive even if the water is covered by a thick layer of ice for several weeks.
- The spawning season takes place in spring. The male develops the typical spawning rash on the fins at this time.
- The female lays down in shallow sections of the water up to a million eggs, which are then fertilized by the male.
- The fry hatch after about a week. Three years pass before they reach sexual maturity.
- In the wild carp can reach a life of up to forty years.