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Carbon (C) properties


Atomic mass, symbol and atomic number

carbon is a naturally occurring element with the element symbol C and the atomic number 6. In the periodic table it stands with an atomic mass of 12.011 u in the 4th main group. The chemical element is not radioactive and is in a solid state at room temperature.

Profile: Carbon

General
Chemical element:carbon
Symbol:C
Atomic number:6
Group:Carbon group
Period:2
Block:p-block
Series:non-metals
Appearance:colorless
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Year of discovery:primeval
Atomic properties
Atomic mass:12,011 u
Atomic radius:70 pm
Covalent radius:76 pm
Van der Waals radius:170 pm
Electron configuration:He 2s2 2p2
ionization:1086.5 kJ / mol
Physical Properties
Physical state:firmly
Density:2,460 g / cm3
Crystal structure:cubic
Magnetism:diamagnetic
molar volume:3,42 · 10-6 m3/ mol
Mohs hardness:10
Melting point:???
Boiling point:???
Heat of fusion:???
Heat of vaporization:715 kJ / mol
Thermal conductivity:???
Chemical properties
electronegativity:2,55

Did you know that ...

  • Diamonds made of pure carbon and at the same time represent the hardest element?
  • Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) contains carbon atoms?
  • all living beings consist of carbon compounds?
  • Graphite just like diamond consists of carbon but has very different properties? (Mohs hardness of graphite = 1, of diamond = 10)
  • Pencil lead made of graphite?
  • the radiocarbon method, for dating dead organic matter, on the decay of 14C atoms based?